A synecdoche is a type of metaphor where a part represents the whole or vice versa. It can also be where a single instance is used to represent the group, a genus for a species or some other key quality of a thing to represent the thing as a whole.


Some people refer to their home as their "crib". (This is two steps away, since most older people don't sleep in a crib.)

"She has a new set of wheels." is a synecdoche, when she really has a new car, wheels are just a part of it.

"Give us this day our daily bread." -- Christian Bible, Matthew 6:11

In this case, "bread" refers to food or sustenance.
"All hands on deck" is a synecdoche, meaning everybody on the deck.


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