The Symbolist Movement was a literary movement that originated with French and Belgian poets in the late 19th century. Eventually, it spread to the fine arts, such as painting, theatre, and influenced Russian, European, and American arts of the time.

Symbolist poets

The symbolist poets of that time were reacting against traditional French poetry, as favored by the Parnassian poets. These symbolists tried to convey individual emotional experience through highly metaphorical language. Just as symbolist painters avoided concrete representation, symbolist poets relied on myth, mood, and atmosphere to indirectly reveal hidden truths.

The principal symbolist poets included Stéphane Mallarmé, Paul Verlaine, Arthur Rimbaud, and Émile Verhaeren.

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